Venturi flow meters are based on the concept of the Venturi effect, which states that a reduction in fluid pressure occurs when a fluid flows through a constricted section of a pipe. The fluid’s velocity increases as it passes through the constriction, following the principle of the conservation of mechanical energy. The amount of energy accumulated by the increased velocity is balanced by a drop in pressure. A measurement of the change in pressure provides the flow rate of the fluid. Read More…
Venturi Flow MetersVenturi flow meters, or simply venturi meters, are devices used to measure the flow rate of a variety of fluids in many different applications. This type of flowmeter is commonly used in plumbing applications and applications involving flowing water, propane, and oil. However, venturi meters can be used to measure the flow rate of gaseous fluids as well.
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The pressure drop created by a Venturi flow meter is measured using a differential manometer pressure sensor. Calibration of the pressure drop is the flow rate of a fluid.
Bernoulli's Principle, or the Bernoulli effect, is one of the most important concepts regarding fluid dynamics and the relationship between fluid flow and fluid pressure. Fluid dynamics is the study of moving fluids, which is an essential aspect in regard to flow meters.
Swiss physicist Daniel Bernoulli developed the theory that if a fluid's speed increases, its static pressure and potential energy must decrease to compensate. This aspect of fluid theory relates to Venturi flow meters in that the constriction in the flow meter increases the velocity of a fluid. By doing so, the pressure in the fluid drops. The difference in the pressure outside and inside the constriction provides the necessary data to determine the flow rate.
Venturi Flow Meter Construction
Venturi flow meters have a simple design, with each component of the flow meter arranged systematically. The parts of a Venturi flow meter include a converging cone, cylindrical throat, and diverging cone.
The converging cone has a conical shape to connect to the throat and is attached to the inlet pipe or upstream flow. Its area decreases as its length approaches the connection to the throat. The angle of convergence is 20° to 22°, which is limited to avoid vena contracta. The decrease in the area of the converging cone causes the velocity of the fluid to increase and the pressure to decrease.
The cylindrical throat in the middle of a venturi flow meter is a major part of its working mechanism. The diameter of the throat is 0.25 to 0.75 of the inlet pipe's diameter and is constant throughout its length. The throat's diameter is designed to increase fluid velocity and decrease fluid pressure, which is below vapor pressure resulting in cavitation.
The diverging cone is the third and final part of a Venturi flow meter attached to the outlet pipe. From the beginning to the end of its length, its diameter increases at an angle of 5° to 15°. The diverging cone's small angle avoids flow separation and prevents eddies that can result in a loss of flow energy.
Differential manometers measure the pressure between a Venturi flow meter's convergent cone and cylindrical throat. They are ideal for Venturi flow meters since they are a method for pressure comparison and not a pressure-measuring instrument. The two types of differential manometers are U tubes and inverted U tubes.
U tube differential manometers have a glass tube bent into a U shape, with the ends of the U shape connected to two points on a Venturi flow meter. The U glass tubing is filled with a manometric fluid, mainly Mercury, with a specific gravity higher than the liquid in the pipe. In the case of Venturi flow meters, one limb of the manometer is connected to the convergent cone with the other limb connected to the throat. The level of manometric fluid will be lower in the convergent cone than in the throat.
Inverted U Tube
An inverted U tube manometer follows the same principle as a U tube manometer except that it is attached above the Venturi flow meter and the horizontal pipe. It uses a lighter manometer liquid to prevent the liquid from entering the flow stream. As with a U tube manometer, the limbs of the tube are connected to the convergent cone and throat of the Venturi flow meter.
Benefits of a Venturi Flow Meter
Venturi flow meters are a versatile and adaptive solution for flow measurement that can fit any defined space and are a reliable method for billing or custody transfer. They can be oriented on any plane and accurately measure regardless of a fluid's directional flow.
Advantages of Venturi Flow Meters:
Simplicity of Design
Long Life of Usefulness
Very Little Maintenance
Choosing the Correct Venturi Flow Meter Manufacturer
To ensure the most beneficial outcome when purchasing Venturi flow meters from a Venturi flow meter manufacturer, it is important to compare several companies using our directory of Venturi flow meter manufacturers. Each manufacturer has a business profile page illustrating their areas of experience and capabilities, along with a contact form to directly communicate with the manufacturer for more information or request a quote. Review each Venturi flow meter business website using our proprietary website previewer to quickly learn what each company specializes in. Then use our simple RFQ form to contact multiple Venturi flow meter businesses with the same form.
Venturi Flow Meter Informational Video
Flow Meters Power Pages
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